A bunion is seen as an enlargement or “bump” on the inside of the foot near the big toe.
In more severe cases when the big toe joint is unable to move at all, the condition is called hallux rigidus (rigid big toe joint).
A tailor’s bunion (bunionette)is seen as an enlargement or “bump” on the outside of the foot near the little toe.
A callus is an area of thickened skin located on the bottom of the foot, in most cases on the ball of the foot and/or heel.
Hammer Toes occur when the tendons and ligaments around the toes become contracted and the toes take on a “claw-like” appearance.
A soft corn forms between the toes when the bony prominence known to doctors as the “condyle” of a toe rubs against the condyle of the adjacent toe while walking.
The most common cause of thick toenails is a fungus infection similar or identical to the fungus that causes “athlete’s foot.”
An Ingrown Toenail occurs when the side of a toenail begins to cut through the surrounding skin which is referred to by doctors as the ungualabia or “nail lip.”
Morton’s Neuroma occurs when one of the nerves on the bottom of the foot becomes “pinched” between two adjacent metatarsal bones or the base of the bones of two adjacent toes.
EPAT is an acronym for Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Treatment. “Extracorporeal” means “outside the body.”
Heel pain is usually caused by acute or chronic inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament-like structure located on the bottom of the foot.
The use of a series of 4% ethyl alcohol sclerosing solution showed an 89% success rate.
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Dr. Richard M. Cowin, DPM, is the director of Laser Foot Surgery Specialist of Orlando, Florida. He is an acclaimed lecturer, practitioner, and pioneer in the field of Minimally Invasive and Laser Foot Surgery. Dr. Cowin has been board certified by the Minimally Invasive Foot & Ankle Surgery Division of The American Board of Multiple Specialties in Podiatry, The American Board of Ambulatory Foot Surgery, The American Academy of Pain Management, and The American Board of Quality Assurance & Utilization Review Physicians. He is also a Fellow of The Academy of Minimally Invasive Foot & Ankle Surgeons (formerly the Academy of Ambulatory Foot & Ankle Surgery) and has served as a board member, president, vice-president, treasurer, secretary, scientific chairman, and has chaired the Standards of Care and Preferred Practice Guidelines Committee. In 2006, this fine organization honored Dr. Cowin by presenting him with their prestigious Hall of Fame Award. Dr. Cowin has lectured extensively in the United States and abroad. You may have seen some of Dr. Cowin’s many television appearances as a podiatric medical expert on Weekend Edition, QVC, American Medicine Today, HSN, Meet The Doctors and "AskDrRich."