A bunion is seen as an enlargement or “bump” on the inside of the foot near the big toe.
In more severe cases when the big toe joint is unable to move at all, the condition is called hallux rigidus (rigid big toe joint).
A tailor’s bunion (bunionette)is seen as an enlargement or “bump” on the outside of the foot near the little toe.
A callus is an area of thickened skin located on the bottom of the foot, in most cases on the ball of the foot and/or heel.
Hammer Toes occur when the tendons and ligaments around the toes become contracted and the toes take on a “claw-like” appearance.
A soft corn forms between the toes when the bony prominence known to doctors as the “condyle” of a toe rubs against the condyle of the adjacent toe while walking.
The most common cause of thick toenails is a fungus infection similar or identical to the fungus that causes “athlete’s foot.”
An Ingrown Toenail occurs when the side of a toenail begins to cut through the surrounding skin which is referred to by doctors as the ungualabia or “nail lip.”
Morton’s Neuroma occurs when one of the nerves on the bottom of the foot becomes “pinched” between two adjacent metatarsal bones or the base of the bones of two adjacent toes.
EPAT is an acronym for Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Treatment. “Extracorporeal” means “outside the body.”
Heel pain is usually caused by acute or chronic inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament-like structure located on the bottom of the foot.
The use of a series of 4% ethyl alcohol sclerosing solution showed an 89% success rate.
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Podiatry Exam & Consultation
In the past decade or so, a new science called Biomechanics has made a tremendous contribution to the various treatments that podiatrists could offer their patients. By applying these principles to the human foot, we are now able to treat many foot problems non-surgically by fabricating a pair of Custom Foot Orthotic Devices which are worn in the shoes and can be changed from shoe to shoe.
In the past, impressions for custom foot orthotic devices were taken either by wrapping plaster around the feet, or having the patient step into some impression foam. The problem with doing this is that neither of these capture the foot while the patient is walking.
A new technology introduced into the United States in 1997 allows the patient to walk over a computerized gait pressure plate, making a 3-dimensional image of the foot in a dynamic rather than a static manner. This image can then be sent via computer modem directly into the orthotic laboratory. Not only can a computerized gait analysis report then be ordered, but accuracy in fabrication is increased, while producion time is decreased.
Some indications for Custom Foot Orthotic Devices which can be make for adults and children are;
Many different types of Custom Orthotic Foot Devices are now available i.e., some for specific sports and athletics, some especially for women’s sandals and high-heeled shoes, ect.
Recently, the Orthotic Group Laboratories introduced Custom-fabricated Orthotic Sandals, clogs, slides for both men and women to their product line. This development, now available from The Center for Advanced Foot and Ankle Surgery, allows the patient to benefit from orthotic corrections while wearing comfortable, fashionable open sandals.